North Cyprus  

Dr Fazıl Küçük (1906-1984)
  First Vice-President of the 1960 Republic of Cyprus  
  Dr Fazil Küçük (1906-1984)Born in Nicosia in 1906, Dr Fazıl Küçük (pronounced Kuchuk) qualified as a general medical practitioner from Switzerland, and returned to work in Cyprus in 1938. He became a tireless champion of Turkish-Cypriot rights and a vigorous opponent of British colonial rule in Cyprus.

One of his campaigns, which succeeded after some 15 years, was to persuade the British rulers to transfer the administration of Turkish Cypriot schools and Evkaf, the Turkish religious fund.

During the 1950s, Dr Küçük set up his own political party, established the first Turkish labour union in Cyprus and launched his newspaper Halkin Sesi (The Peoples' Voice). Despite lawsuits and closures for criticising the colonial administration, Halkın Sesi continues to be published to this day.

Dr Küçük represented the Turkish-Cypriots at the independence talks in 1959 and signed the agreement establishing the Republic of Cyprus on behalf of his community. He was elected the first Vice-President of the Republic of Cyprus.


Biography of Dr Küçük

Biography of 
Dr Fal Küçük
(Photo by H. Sadrazam) 

However, this partnership republic could exist for only three years. In 1963, the Greek-Cypriots destroyed the bi-communal Republic of Cyprus, by force of arms, in order to unite Cyprus with Greece. Part and parcel of this bloody attempt was the destruction of 103 Turkish-Cypriot villages and massacre of hundreds of innocent Turkish-Cypriots. From 1963 to 1974, the Turkish-Cypriots were forced to live in some 32 enclaves under virtual military siege.

Although Rauf Denktash took over as the Turkish-Cypriot leader in 1973, Dr Küçük never ceased working for the cause, even during his illness. He passed away, in Westminster Hospital-London on January 15, 1984. Soon after the establishment of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, in his last public statement  he declared that with the new Turkish-Cypriot state he had been "born into a new life". 

Related Links