STATEMENT BY MURAT KARAYALÇIN, FOREIGN MINISTER OF TURKEY,
ON GREEK CYPRIOT APPLICATION FOR EU MEMBERSHIP ON 6 MARCH, 1995 DURING THE EU-TURKEY
ASSOCIATION COUNCIL IN BRUSSELS
At our December meeting, I have had the opportunity of setting out our views
on two subjects which while they are not relevant to the completion of the
Customs Union have been persistently brought up at every phase of our
I am therefore compelled to come back to them at this stage. On
Cyprus, Turkey shares the legal, political and moral arguments put forward
by the Turkish Cypriot side on the unilateral application of the Greek
Cypriot administration to the EU.
This application contradicts the element
of mutual consent which is essential in a federal set-up such as the one
contemplated for Cyprus.
The Greek Cypriot application and its processing by
the EU run counter to the UN opinion which provided for the discussion of
the EU membership of Cyprus in the intercommunal talks. The "avis" of the
Commission on the Greek Cypriot application is based on a general concept of
a "unitary state" which is incompatible with the objective of a bi-communal,
bi-zonal federal solution.
I must also emphasize that the unilateral
application by South Cyprus for membership in the EU and its admission
before or after a settlement in Cyprus, contravene the Zurich and London
agreements of 1959 and the 1960 Treaties on Cyprus.
They contain provisions
precluding membership of Cyprus in international political and economic
unions to which Turkey and Greece do not both belong. Moreover, the 1960
Treaties contain specific provisions which do not allow Cyprus to
participate, in whole or in part, in any political or economic union with
any state whatsoever.
They also place a special responsibility on Turkey,
Greece and the United Kingdom, as guarantor powers, to prevent such an
Turkey for her part is determined to see to it that her rights and
obligations emanating from the 1960 Treaties are kept intact. Turkey will
continue to be politically and legally opposed to the membership of Cyprus,
in whole or in part, before her own accession to the EU as a full member
like the other guarantor powers.
Turkey disagrees with the decision taken by
the Council on the membership negotiations of Cyprus. The Council's decision
on the membership of Cyprus is an unfortunate step which could lead to the
permanent division of the island.
The opening of accession negotiations
before a negotiated settlement is reached, will lead to the conduct of the
talks exclusively with the Greek Cypriot side. In such an undesirable
Turkey will be left with no option but to take steps towards
achieving a similar integration with the Turkish Republic of Northern
The present composition of the EU prevents it from playing a role in efforts
to bring about a negotiated settlement in Cyprus. Turkey supports the
good-offices mission of the UN Secretary General for a negotiated
Accordingly, she has always encouraged the Turkish Cypriot side
to move forward towards a mutually acceptable solution. We continue to
support the implementation of the UN-sponsored package of confidence
However, Turkey's support to the negotiating process,
henceforth, will to a large extent depend on the willingness of the Greek
Cypriot side for a solution and on the degree of support which Greece will