Vrysi is a Neolithic settlement on a small headland on the cost
looking as if it is about to slip down into the sea, which
actually happened to part of it. It is thought to have been
occupied from between 4000 and 3000 BC, and according to the
impression that the pottery and obsidian finds have been brought,
by people from Cilicia, in Anatolia.
Artifacts such as
stone axes, grinders, and bone needless as well as remains of
wheat, barley, lentils, grapes and olives show that the inhabitants
of Vrysi were farmers rather than fishermen. Pigs, sheep, goats,
dogs and cats are among the animals whose bones have been
identified. Their handmade painted pottery is decorated with bold
designs in dark red or brown on a white surface.
Some of the
dwellings were irregular in plan owing to the uneven surface of
the rock promontory; some were rectangular with softened corners.
They were underground (especially those dug by the first settlers)
with walls built inside hollows cut out of the rock and connected
by narrow passages. The houses were separated from each other by
narrow streets. The stone walls were plastered with clay on their
inner surface. The first dwellings were very weak. Later they
became stronger. The floors were mud or clay covered with woven
mats of plant fibber. Each room had a raised hearth and platforms.
The roofs were of reed. At the beginning the settlement was
fortified by a V-shaped ditch became unnecessary, and new houses
were built beyond it for the growing population.
believe that after an earthquake around 3000 BC the people of the
settlement moved somewhere else.